Alongside Dodge/RAM and Ford, General Motors is one of North America’s largest auto manufacturers, and the parent company to several well-known brands like Chevrolet, Cadillac, and Buick. In honor of the launch of AEC Specialty Vehicles, which will import officially a niche volume of GM’s internal combustion engine vehicles to Europe, let’s take a closer look at the final member of the Big Three.
- General Motors – or rather its founder, William C. Durant – invented the multi-brand approach in the automotive industry. Now one of America’s largest and most influential car dealers, Durant first founded GM in 1908 as a holding company for several brands that he was acquiring to use synergies for development and production. Among those first brands were Oldsmobile, Buick, and Cadillac.
- Since its inception more than 110 years ago, GM has owned a total of 43 different vehicle brands worldwide, including tractor companies, aviation businesses, and their own parts suppliers. Among those 43 are well-known former brands, like Pontiac, Oldsmobile, Saab, and Geo, as well as carmakers that lived on in different hands, such as Opel, Vauxhall, or Lotus. Today, GM actively operates 10 different brands, including the core brands of Chevrolet, GMC, Buick, and Cadillac.
- Just months after GM was founded in 1908, the company acquired Cadillac, which had been founded six years earlier by former Ford financiers William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen. The two had left the company after an argument with Henry Ford and decided to name their new branch after Antoine Laumet de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, a French explorer who founded the city of Detroit in 1701.
- GM’s strongest brand, Chevrolet, was founded in 1911 by Durant and an acquaintance mechanic and racing driver, Louis Chevrolet. Due to his ownership of the brand, Durant managed to remain GM’s largest stakeholder and thus had a large influence on its development. Chevrolet, also commonly known as Chevy, was ultimately chosen to become GM’s mainstream marque to compete with Ford’s tremendous success in the late 1910s.
- There are many firsts in GM’s history. Although not known for proprietary automotive inventions, GM has a few first innovative applications under its belt. In 1939 the company launched the Hydramatic transmission for Oldsmobile. It was the first series-built automatic transmission using a torque converter, similar to what’s still in use today. With the 1962 Oldsmobile Cutlass Turbo-Jetfire, GM introduced the first series-production car with a turbocharger. And in 1966, GM launched the Electrovan as a concept car: the world’s first hydrogen fuel cell car.
- GM’s subsidiary, ACDelco, was impressive in its own right when it came to ingenious inventions. Founded in 1909 to become GM’s own parts manufacturing company, ACDelco patented the first battery-based ignition system as we know it today. And what’s the next step after a car battery? The electric starter of course! They invented that, too. The first production car to ever have an electric starter was GM’s very own 1912 Cadillac.
- Chevrolet’s small-block V8 is the world’s longest-running engine family. The basic engine block of its first iteration from 1955 was used in cars and trucks practically unchanged until 2003. Its successors, although newly developed, carried over various parts of the old design and are still in use to this day. The name small-block refers to its small size on the outside when compared to other V8 engines.
- Since 1908, GM’s cars have made it to the moon and back – literally! The first car on the moon, the 1971 Lunar Rover, was actually developed in a GM institute. Several NASA astronauts also drove Chevrolet Corvettes. This was the result of some great marketing, when a large Chevrolet dealer who was also friends with several astronauts convinced GM’s president, Ed Cole, to give the celebrity spacemen a new Corvette every year. Reportedly, the1960s Houston Space Center’s parking lots often looked like Corvette meets.
- With the introduction of the 1996 Saturn EV1, GM became the first large-series manufacturer to develop a ready-to-use electric car that was practical and affordable at the same time. Despite its minuscule range of just around 80 miles, it was an instant success. In fact, it was so successful that after the first trials where vehicles were leased to VIP customers for 12 months, almost all EV 1s were crushed due to alleged boycott threats by the oil industries. This bitter reaction is believed to have delayed the success of the electric car by decades.
- Since their inception in 1918, GM’s trucks have been built jointly by Chevrolet and GMC. For about 100 years, customers have been able to choose various matching truck models by both brands. Although model names have changed countless times, this is still reflected in Chevy’s Silverado and GMC’s Sierra lineup. Differences between the sister models have always consisted in small details, looks, and pricing. Some variations of those models are even offered as Cadillac Escalades.
For a look at AEC Specialty Vehicles’ GM lineup, click here.